Psychiatrist in Krakow – Genetic factors and bipolar disorder

Through the eyes of a psychiatrist.

Bipolar disorder is a condition that affects both patients and their families. Sick people and their loved ones, after hearing the diagnosis made by a psychiatrist in Krakow, may experience various symptoms, such as disbelief, denial or even a sense of guilt. However, it is important to understand that no one is to blame for bipolar disorder occurring.

This disease often runs in families, which means that genes are crucial in this case. It is important for a psychiatrist to examine the entire family history to be sure whether any of the relatives suffered from mental disorders. If there is a family history of bipolar disorder, there are additional indicators that the person is prone to the disease.

Research conducted by psychiatrists and psychoneurologists.

A number of different studies confirm that genetic factors are related to this disease, but also that early brain development is a factor determining later bipolar activity. Psychoneurologists have discovered that cells in people with bipolar disorder develop differently than in healthy patients. It has been observed that the way of communication between neurons in bipolar people is completely different than in people without this condition.

There are two parts of the brain worth paying attention to: the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and the amygdala. The PFC is responsible for logic, anticipation and understanding consequences. The amygdala is involved in producing actions and controlling memory. In people suffering from bipolar disorder, the functioning of these brain areas may be impaired, leading to mood swings.

Not only genetics are responsible for the development of bipolar disorder. Due to hormonal disorders, for example during puberty, people may be susceptible to BD.

It is important to understand that bipolar disorder is a genetic and neurological disease. The treatment stabilizes emotional states and protects patients against significant mood swings. Thanks to the use of pharmacotherapy conducted by a psychiatrist and psychological support, the patient can improve his quality of life.


It’s important to remember that no one is to blame for developing bipolar disorder. Genes and neurology are crucial in the development of this disease. It is also important that patients and their families do not feel shame or guilt about its occurrence. Cooperation with a psychiatrist and a psychotherapist from the Małopolska Psychotherapy Center Synapsa Kraków can help stabilize emotional fluctuations and significantly improve functioning at school, work and personal life.